Lesson – 59
Competition of Adam with Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 31b & 32 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
31b. then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.
32. They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower, the Wise.
31b. summa ‘arazahum ‘alal-malaaa-‘ikati faqaala ‘ambi-‘uuNii bi-‘as-maaa-‘i haaa-‘u-laaa-‘i ‘in- kuntum saadiqiin.
32. Qaaluu –Subhaanaka laa ‘ilma lanaaa ‘illaa maa ‘allamTanaa. ‘InnaKa ‘Antal-‘Aliimul-Hakiim.
As, it has been discussed earlier that “the Angels (peace be upon them) know only, about which; they have been given knowledge”. They neither know about those things which they do not need, and nor can try to know about them.
So, after teaching the names of all things to Adam (Peace be upon Him), Allah Almighty produced those things before the Angels (peace be upon them), and commanded them, “If you are true in your claim that you hymn Mine praise and sanctify Me perfectly then; tell Me the names of following things”.
The Angels (peace be upon them) are a sacred creature. They do not have any other work save worship of Allah Almighty. How could they tell their names? They said, “We have only that knowledge, which You have taught us. Besides that, we know nothing. Now! These things, we can say only that there is any philosophy and advantage in producing them but we don’t know about its philosophy and secrecy, because Your works are not but full with Your philosophy.
It is obvious from these verses that due to knowledge, the mankind became superior and higher in rank to the Angels (peace be upon them). Now if someone from the generation of Adam (peace be upon Him) is careless from the knowledge; then he cannot perform the duty of God’s Caliph. We observe that those nations, who acquired knowledge, are really on the path of development.