Quran Chapter 2-89 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-119) - درس قرآن
Those who have been put away from the Mercy of God
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
89. And when there cometh unto them a Scripture from Allah, confirming that which is in their possession—though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieve—and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be true) they disbelieve therein. So the curse of Allah is on disbelievers.
89. Wa lammaa jaaa-‘ahum Kitaabum-min ‘in-Dillaahi musaddiqul-limaa ma-‘ahum, wa kaanuu min- qablu yastafti-huuna ‘alal-laziina Kafaruu Falammaa jaaa-‘ahum-maa ‘arafuu kafaruu bihii fala’-natUllaahi ‘alal-kaafiriin.
Kitaabum-min ‘in-Dillaahi – (a Scripture from Allah), here the word Kitaab signifies towards the Holy Qur’an, first address of which was also for the Jews in stead of the Infidels of Makkah. Majority of these people was living in Madinah.
Limaa ma-‘ahum – (that, which is in their possession), the aim from it is Torah, the Heavenly Book of the Jews. Holy Qur’an has mentioned its virtues at various places and proclaimed that this Scripture “Qur’an” is also a True Book of Allah Almighty; it confirms other previous Heavenly Scriptures. Out of the previous Books the most famous Book is Torah, which was revealed on Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him).
Yastafti-huuna (they were asking for a signal triumph) this word has been derived from the word Fatah. According to Arabic language, it means “wish of superiority and victory”. In this verse, its both meanings can be taken. Before the manifestation of Last Messenger Muhammad (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him), whenever the Children of Israel were defeated by the natives of Madinah, at that time, they used to pray from Allah Almighty for victory and help, for the sake of Last Messenger (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him). This matter had been included in their trust that the Last Prophet (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him) would come to set them free. They would get freedom after believing in Him (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him).
When a Scripture, which was revealed by Allah Almighty unto the Jews, in which; verification of the principles of the Divine law of Prophet Moses (peace be upon Him) did exist, then those people disbelieved, and for which Last Messenger (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him) they had been waiting, and for the sake of whom they used to pray for victory against the Infidels, when He, Known Prophet (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him) came unto them; they began to disbelieve in Him (grace, glory, peace and blessings be upon Him). Now those disbelievers have been cursed by God Almighty due to their infidelity. And they became victim of God’s wrath.
It appears from this statement that the Jews belong to a bigoted and jealous nation, so they have been cursed and put away from the Mercy of God Almighty due to their prejudice and infidelity.