Quran Chptr 2-83 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–111)-درس قرآن
Covenant with the Children of Israel
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
83. And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few, being averse.
83. Wa ‘iz ‘akhazNaa Miisaaqa Baniii-‘Israaa-‘iila laa ta’-bu-duuna ‘illAllaah. Wa bil-waali-dayni ‘ihsaananw-wa zil-qur-baa wal-yataamaa wal-masaa-kiini wa quuluu linnaasi hus-nanw-wa ‘aqiimus-Salaata wa ‘aatuz- Zakaah. Summa Tawal-laytum ‘illaa qaliilam- minkum wa ‘antum-mu’-rizuun.
Miisaaq – (Covenant, promise, pledge, consent, agreement, negotiation, treaty), this covenant of the Children of Israel has been described at many other places in the Holy Qur’aan. It has been mentioned also in the Holy Scriptures i.e. Torah and Gospel.
God Almighty tells the Children of Israel in this verse: It has become your habit that you turn your faces away from the Commands of God, the Most High”. So their attention is being drawn towards their famous Covenant.
This Covenant was taken by God Almighty from the Children of Israel that they would never worship any other thing save Allah Almighty, treat their parents, relatives and kindred, orphans and the needy well, politely and speak kindly to the mankind; and establish worship and pay the poor-due. But these people slid back after making the covenant with God Almighty and could not fulfill it. There were only a few people who regarded their covenant and cared for their promise.
Along with it God Almighty commands: You slid back, being averse. It means that they were the people who used to turn away from their covenants and promises habitually and did not keep their footing on it.
We should learn the lesson from these Revelations and the covenant which we have committed with Allah, the Most High, “The Testimony, that there is none worthy of worship but ALLAH and Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon Him) is HIS Messenger”, we have to act upon the Commands of Holy Qur’aan and the Sayings of the Last Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings upon Him). We should pass our lives remaining in the circle of this Testimony. We should remember this faithful promise always.