Friday, September 22, 2017

Transgressor of the limits wrongs his soul - Quran Chapter 2- 231a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-300) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 231a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-300) - درس قرآن

Transgressor of the limits wrongs his soul

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَإِذَا طَلَّقْتُمُ ٱلنِّسَآءَ فَبَلَغْنَ أَجَلَهُنَّ فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ سَرِّحُوهُنَّ بِمَعْرُوفٍ وَلَا تُمْسِكُوهُنَّ ضِرَارًا لِّتَعْتَدُوا۟ وَمَن يَفْعَلْذَٰلِكَ فَقَدْ ظَلَمَ نَفْسَهُۥ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوٓا۟ ءَايَٰتِ ٱللَّهِ هُزُوًا وَٱذْكُرُوا۟ نِعْمَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَآ أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنَ ٱلْكِتَٰبِ وَٱلْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِۦ وَٱتَّقُوا۟ٱللَّهَ وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَىْءٍ عَلِيمٌ 231
 
231a.  When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness. Retain them not with the object of hurting them in order that ye transgress (the   limits). And he who doeth that hath wronged his soul.
231a.  Wa ‘izaa  tallaqtumun-nisaaa-‘a  fabalagna  ‘ajalahunna  fa-‘amsikuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruu-fin  ‘aw  sarrihuu-hunna  bi-ma’-ruuf.  Wa  laa  tumsikuuhunna  ziraaral-lita’-taduu.  Wa  many-yaf-‘al zaalika  faqad zalama nafsah.

Commentary

‘Izaa  tallaqtum – (When you have divorced), here it signifies towards the once or twice divorce which may be revoked, after which there is still a chance of inclination. 

‘Ajalahunna – (their term), it aims that the period of their term is near to end, but has not yet ended. Otherwise, meaning of ending of the term period will be that now there is no chance for inclination.

Such rule has been mentioned in this verse that as and when a husband divorces his wife once or twice and he has not yet divorced at the third time, then he can revoke before third divorce if he wants, and if he doesn’t wish to incline then he should divorce third time. Or if he remains silent then after the completion of the term, it will be considered automatically that he doesn’t want to incline and he has finished his relationship intentionally with his wife. But it is compulsory that, which path will be adopted by the husband out of these two, that should be according to the Rule and suitable as per the Divine’s Law of Religion. That is to say; if he wishes to retain his wife then he should return with respect and nobility, and if he wants to disconnect his relationship then he should send her wife back from his home with honor and politeness. In short, both forms should be suitable in accord with law and compliments. It should not be so that he inclines to vex and tease his wife, and likewise put her intentionally under his ban.

Those people who violate the rights of women and take them again in marriage to hurt them, God Almighty commanded about them that doing so, they have wronged their souls; they did hurt themselves at their own. It is clear that doing so, their homes might not be remained prosperous. But these will be ruined. They themselves also will remain never in peace and comfort. Their domestic lives will become the spring of distresses and troubles. They both will fail in fulfilling the responsibilities of their children. Therefore, destruction and ruin will encamp at their homes. If this person divorces after some period too then any noble woman will never be ready to wed him. It is better for the husband that he should behave his wife with good manner, so that he may live also happily and his wife too.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/BtBuoyHpR2E

Thursday, September 21, 2017

Unlawful forms of Halaalah - Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-299) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-299) - درس قرآن

Unlawful forms of Halaalah

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَاتَحِلُّ لَهُۥ مِنۢ بَعْدُ حَتَّىٰ تَنكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُۥ فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَآ أَن يَتَرَاجَعَآ إِن ظَنَّآ أَن يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُهَا لِقَوْمٍيَعْلَمُونَ 230

Islam is a natural religion and has complete Code in practice for the entire life of human beings. It shows the way of acquiring betterment and welfare for the life in this world and after death. Islam is masterly over the entire sections of human life. There is no such problem of life; solution of which; it doesn’t explain and there is no direction, commands about which it doesn’t issue.

Collective life of the mankind begins from a family. If the family life is successful and the relationship among husband and wife are in well condition then it is evident that every individual will find himself in a very good environment. He may be able to do his work with good manner. The children will find superior model role for themselves and they will follow their elders on the straight path at the time of their maturity. So, Islam makes better the family life of a Muslim. The husband and the wife have central position in the dynasty. If there are good relations and mutual cooperation between them, then every child of that family will go forth upon the way of improvement; step by step easily. But if the relationship between husband and wife is in worse condition and they are disunited due to their thoughts and deeds, then it is much difficult for them to move forward collectively, and their misunderstanding will prove fatal also for their children.

Islam is also apprised this side of human nature and determines the divorce lawful in case of pressure. If any person wishes to divorce, then he should do so after deep meditation. If the woman feels lamentation due to her husband’s behavior, then she may also be gotten released. But the Divine Law of the Religion has imposed some orders and restrictions to realize the importance of married relationships of man and woman, for instance if the husband has devised firm resolution of divorce and doesn’t reconcile during the period of ‘iddat (term) after the second divorce, moreover he divorces her wife third time, then he can’t re-marry with her after it. If he wants to re-wed then its condition is very harsh. That is to say; any other person would have to wed the divorced woman, perform the act of copulation with her and then either divorce her with his will or he dies, and then thereafter; she would have to complete her ‘iddat period. This remarriage is called literally Halaalah. But after this Halaalah, the re-marriage can only be performed in such form when both of them stand firm according to the orders of Allah Almighty, because they both have to think about paying the rights of each other, and have to believe in it. Otherwise, the situation of the destruction of each other’s rights and their mutual quarrels will come again. And they both will fall in sin.

Holy Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) has cursed those men in one Hadith out of his Sayings, who make it (divorce) their profession, because a man weds a divorced woman for the purpose that he will divorce her again, so that, her first husband may re-marry this above-mentioned woman.

Alas! The Muslims didn’t recognize the rights of these questions and made the religion droll. Which restrictions were imposed by the Divine Law of the Religion on divorce, didn’t care for them. As and when we wanted, we divorced without thinking. When the anger subsided, we gained our wits, began to lament and we chose unlawful forms of Halaalah. All this badness grew due to carelessness from the religion, ignorance, foolishness and not respecting the matters.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/fEctBbT5-uc

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Restrictions on a couple imposed by Islam - Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-298) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 230 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-298) - درس قرآن

Restrictions on a couple imposed by Islam

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَاتَحِلُّ لَهُۥ مِنۢ بَعْدُ حَتَّىٰ تَنكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُۥ فَإِن طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَآ أَن يَتَرَاجَعَآ إِن ظَنَّآ أَن يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ يُبَيِّنُهَا لِقَوْمٍيَعْلَمُونَ 230
 
230.  And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin for both of them that they come together again if they consider that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. And these are the limits of Allah; He manifesteth them for people who have knowledge.
230.  Fa-‘in-  tallaqahaa  falaa  tahillu  lahuu  mim- ba’-du  hattaa  tankiha  zawjan  gayrah.  Fa-‘in  tallaqa-haa   falaa  junaaha  ‘alay-himaaa ‘any-yataraaja-‘aaa  ‘in  zannaaa  ‘any-yuqiimaa  Huduu-dAllaah.  Wa  tilka  HuduudUllaahi  yubayyi-nuhaa  liqawminy-ya’-lamuun.

Commentary

mim- ba’-du – (thereafter), it means after the third divorce.

Tankiha – (she has wedded), this word has been derived from Nikaah which means marriage. It has been commanded in this verse that after the third divorce the divorced woman will not be lawful for her first husband till the time she doesn’t wed any other individual and get divorce from her second husband. Here the word “tankiha” has not been used for the idiomatically meaning as wedding, but it has been used here for its original and literal meaning as ‘copulation’, because only understood meaning of the marriage has already come out from zawjan,  so the aim from the word tankiha is to declare intercourse after marriage knot and that is its literal meaning.

‘in  zannaaa – (if they consider), that is to say; if they have intention and reliance that thereafter they might be live together with correction and beauty.

It has been stated in this verse that if the husband doesn’t reconcile after first two divorces then now at the third time namely after the two divorces three months are sufficient for setting them make a truce, meditation and consideration. After the third divorce the husband cannot revoke the divorce of that woman who was his wife earlier. Moreover, it is not possible that they wed again except in case that the woman wed any other person after passing the term (‘iddat) period (three months) and after copulation, that second husband either divorces her with his pleasure or dies, and three months/four months & ten days respectively of the term (‘iddat) period expires.     

It has already been mentioned that Islamic Divine Law doesn’t like the divorce certainly, so restrictions of various sorts have been imposed in this matter, and it has been instructed, “Meditate and understand thoroughly before divorce”. Islam provided many opportunities so that they may concord again, but after expiry of all these stages, while the divorce has been finalized, then now there is no chance of concession. Now the husband can’t get back again his wife easily.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/pW5mHcOe1GM

Correction of domestic affairs - Quran Chapter 2- 229b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-297) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 229b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-297) - درس قرآن

Correction of domestic affairs

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

ٱلطَّلَٰقُ مَرَّتَانِفَإِمْسَاكٌۢ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌۢ بِإِحْسَٰنٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَأْخُذُوا۟ مِمَّآ ءَاتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْـًٔا إِلَّآ أَن يَخَافَآ أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا يُقِيمَاحُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا ٱفْتَدَتْ بِهِۦ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ 229
 
229b.  And if ye fear that ye may not be able to keep the limits of Allah, in that case it is no sin on either if the woman ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah, transgress them not. And whoso transgresseth Allah’s limits, such are wrongdoers.
229b.  Fa-‘in  khiftum  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa  Huduudallaahi,  falaa  junaaha  ’alayhimaa  fiimaf-tadat  bih.  Tilka  Huduudullaahi  falaa ta’-taduuhaa.  Wa  many-yata-‘adda  Huduudallaahi  fa-‘ulaaa-‘ika  humuz-zaalimuun.

Commentary

Reason of revelation of this verse is that a woman came in the court of Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) and requested that she was displeased from her husband. She did not want to live in her husband’s house. Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) asked about its reason. She answered, “My husband does neither neglect in performing my rights and nor I have any objection on his manners and customs. But I naturally hate him. I don’t want to see his figure. If I would not have the fear of Islam, then I wished to spit on his face”. The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) caused to return the dower (Maher) and divorce her.

It has been commanded by Allah Almighty in this verse to the Muslims that if they have fear that the husband and wife are displeased from one another, and they may not live together, then there is no sin for them if they become separate. The woman can get rid of herself from marriage by returning dower to her husband and the husband can get back that wealth. The name of this particular form of divorce (desirous of which is the woman) is called Khula’ (a kind of divorce which is a right of the woman to let free from marriage). Instructions about Khula’ are available in the books of ‘the religious laws’ in detail.

It is evident from this verse that Islam commands us in every matter for correction and betterment of our families, domestic affairs and social relations. If a man is displeased from his wife and considers it difficult to live together with his wife then he can get freedom from her. Like this, if the wife thinks that it is impossible to live in her husband’s home then she also can get freedom from her husband. Purpose of this is only correction of affairs in each form, making the marriage relations better as it may be possible; somehow or other. In the last, it has been warned that these are the limits and conditions (imposed by) Allah, so you should not transgress them because transgressing these limits is a very big sin. Islam desires that the world’s society should be established on goodness and God fearing. Nobody should tyrannize or oppress any other. These limitations are called HuduudUllaah.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/0kqhVaHstuE

Monday, September 18, 2017

Before expiry of the term (‘Iddat) - Quran Chapter 2- 229a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-296) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 229a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-296) - درس قرآن

Before expiry of the term (‘Iddat)

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

ٱلطَّلَٰقُ مَرَّتَانِفَإِمْسَاكٌۢ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌۢ بِإِحْسَٰنٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَأْخُذُوا۟ مِمَّآ ءَاتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ شَيْـًٔا إِلَّآ أَن يَخَافَآ أَلَّا يُقِيمَا حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا يُقِيمَاحُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا فِيمَا ٱفْتَدَتْ بِهِۦ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ ٱللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا وَمَن يَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَ ٱللَّهِ فَأُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّٰلِمُونَ 229
 
229a.  Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not lawful for you that ye take from them aught of that which ye have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.
229a.  ‘At-talaaqu  marrataan:  fa- ‘imsaa-kum-bima’-ruufin  ‘aw tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan.  Wa laa  yahillu  lakum  ‘an-    ta’-khuzuu  mim-maaa  ‘aatay-tumuu-hunna  shay- ‘an  ‘illaaa  ‘any-yakhaafaaa  ‘allaa  yuqiimaa HuduudAllaah.

Commentary

Fa- ‘imsaakum – (then (a woman) must be retained), that is to say; to retain that wife who has already been divorced once.  

Bima’-ruufin – (in honour, according to the Divine Rule of religion), its detail can be gotten from the religious law books.

Bi- ‘ihsaan – (in kindness) removing tense and unpleasant condition which had become purpose of divorce. Dishearten, scorn or lowering the woman down should not be the purpose.

Maaa  ‘aatay-tumuuhunna  shay- ‘an – (taking from the women aught of that which you have given them), many Commentators have explained it as the amount of kindness (Maher) but some Scholars have extended it as entire that wealth and goods which the husband has given to her wife i.e. ornaments and clothes etc.

It was a custom before Islam that the husband used to divorce her wife many times as he wished, but then he used to revoke from it. This verse revealed to remove this evil and told that revocation can be only after divorcing twice. He has been empowered up to two divorces that if the husband wishes during the time of term (‘iddat), then either he can retain her according to rule or leave her with kindness. But after the expiry of term (‘iddat), revocation is not allowed. However, if they both agree, they can re-marry. And if he has divorced at the third time, then there is no chance of re-wedding too, till the time that woman doesn’t live in any other husband’s home and that husband either doesn’t die or divorce her.

Sometimes the husband divorces in anger, and then he also oppresses to snatch that entire wealth or goods which he has given to her wife till then. During the days of ignorance; this rule had been spread more in the Arabians. Here this cruel principal has been forbidden and declared that amount of the kindness (Maher) etc. which you have paid already, cannot get back now.     

Meaning of ‘imsaakum-bima’-ruufin  and tasriihum-  bi- ‘ihsaan is that if the husband revokes then he should remain and live with honor and kindness, and if he wants to bid her good-bye then also he should see her off with comfort and nicely. It means that stress of kindness and good behavior should be in all conditions.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/DCsibbsiCYE

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Men are a degree above the women - Quran Chapter 2- 228b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-295) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 228b (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-295) - درس قرآن

Men are a degree above the women

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَٱلْمُطَلَّقَٰتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَٰثَةَ قُرُوٓءٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّأَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوٓا۟ إِصْلَٰحًا وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ ٱلَّذِى عَلَيْهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ 228
 
228b.  And their husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above them. And Allah is Mighty, Wise.
228b.  Wa  bu- uulatuhunna  ‘ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna  fii  zaalika  ‘in  ‘araaduuu  ‘islaahaa.  Wa la-hunna  mislullazii  ‘alayhinna  bil-ma’-ruuf,  wa  lir-rijaali  ‘alayhinna  darajah.  WAllaahu  ‘Aziizun  Hakiim.

Commentary

Zaalika – (in that case, in it), that is to say; in the term/period of three months.

‘Ahaqqu  bi-raddihinna – {they (men) have more rights to take them back}. This proves from it that the husband should not take quite last decision till the time he can delay and it is better if they both (husband and wife) establish themselves again from the beginning, and the time of their separation doesn’t come forever.   

The Divine law of Islam has kept it (divorce) lawful only as remedy at the time of necessity and last disposal. It has neither been induced positively to divorce, nor is it liked without need. The words “ ‘Abgazul-mubahaat” have been used in one Hadith  of the Sayings of the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) which means ‘most disliked act near God Almighty out of prescribed lawful acts by Him’ i.e. the divorce. So after meditation and consideration; the husbands would have to do better to take them back in that case if they desire reconciliation. They can cancel the divorce. Technically it is called looking back (towards marriage).

After permitting return (to wife); Allah Almighty has admonished also that the divorce should only be abolished if both the life partners remain in peace and truce with each other in future, and it should not be the purpose to torture the woman. Although, the husband can cancel the divorce legally, but his good behavior doesn’t relate to the law. Moreover; it depends only on his courtesy and good intention. So, the mankind should adopt the way of good apparent and natural behavior.

Then it has been described that as the men have rights over the women, like this, the women also have rights over men. It has been intimated to the world, “you should not deem that only the men have rights over the women, as well as they also have rights over men. However, the man has some degree above the woman in excellence and merit. This excellence and virtue of the man is due to his wisdom and strength. These all commands are from God Almighty which we have to admit because He is most Mighty and Wise.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/VJ57kl3CwPs

Saturday, September 16, 2017

Divorced should not conceal pregnancy - Quran Chapter 2- 228a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-294) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 228a (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-294) - درس قرآن

Divorced should not conceal pregnancy

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)
 
Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَٱلْمُطَلَّقَٰتُ يَتَرَبَّصْنَ بِأَنفُسِهِنَّ ثَلَٰثَةَ قُرُوٓءٍ وَلَا يَحِلُّ لَهُنَّ أَن يَكْتُمْنَ مَا خَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ فِىٓ أَرْحَامِهِنَّ إِن كُنَّ يُؤْمِنَّ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْءَاخِرِ وَبُعُولَتُهُنَّأَحَقُّ بِرَدِّهِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ إِنْ أَرَادُوٓا۟ إِصْلَٰحًا وَلَهُنَّ مِثْلُ ٱلَّذِى عَلَيْهِنَّ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَلِلرِّجَالِ عَلَيْهِنَّ دَرَجَةٌ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ 228
 
228a.  Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves apart,   three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day.
228a.  Wal-mutallaqaatu  yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna  salaasata  quruuu’.  Wa  laa ya-hillu  lahunna  ‘any-yaktumna  maa khalaqAllaahu  fiii  ‘ar-haa-mihinna  ‘in-kunna    yu’-minna  Billaahi  wal-Yawmil-‘Aakhir.

Commentary

‘Al-mutallaqaatu – (the divorced women), each that woman who has been divorced, is called mutallaqah. According to the religious laws; it aims those wives only, who are free, adult and act of copulation has been performed with them, not those women who are lawful bondwomen, minor or who have not been touched with any adult male.

Yatarab-basna  bi-‘anfusi-hinna – (they shall wait, keeping themselves apart), for instance; it should not be as that hither the husband divorced her wife and thither she wedded any other husband. Likewise, this relationship will become just a game.

Salaasata  quruuu-‘in – {three (monthly) courses}, literal meaning of qura’ is only a specified period but here it means menstruation.

Maa khalaqAllaahu – (which Allah has created), the thing which is in the womb, that is to say; if she is pregnant then she should not conceal her pregnancy.

It has been mentioned in this verse that if the husband has divorced her wife then that woman should not marry immediately another husband. Moreover, she would have to wait not less than three (monthly) courses. There are many philosophies; for example; the husband gets chance of consideration and meditation with cool heart. On the other side; the faith regarding pregnancy becomes matured. Like this, the children of one person can’t get the other. So, it is duty of the woman that she should disclose which is in her womb.

This term is called ‘iddat in the Divine law of the Religion. As though; two lessons have been commanded here:

·       It is reasonable to wait for a specified period after divorce. 

·       If she is pregnant then she should not conceal but disclose it. There are uncountable moral and social advantages in these both orders.  

The matters which are being discussed continuously regarding divorce in this part of Holy Qur’an, demand our special attention, because in the present epoch; the divorce has become a joke in the world. A few women would be in the West who don’t get divorce, whereas in the East, they are tyrannized but are not divorced. There is a dire need to publicize this temperate teaching of Islam nowadays.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/l_gburiSIaU