Quran Chptr 2-65 (Pt-1, Stg-1)(L–98)-درس قرآن
Those who were disfigured
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
65. And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, so We said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated.
65. Wa laqad ‘alim-tumul-laziina’-tadaw minkum fis-Sabti fa-qulNaa lahum kuunuu qira-datan khaasi-‘iin.
Minkum – (those of you) it signifies towards the fathers and ancestors; forefathers of the children of Israel.
As-Sabt – (the day of “Saturday”) Literal meaning of Sabt is Saturday. As, near to Christians ‘Sunday’ is a holy day and Muslims celebrate ‘Friday’ as the Holy Day, like this the Jews count ‘Saturday’ as their holy day. Saturday was specified only for the worship of God near to them. Worldly works like business, agriculture or hunting were forbidden for them on that day.
‘A’-tadaw – (not observed temperateness, crossed the limits) they crossed the limits of Divine’s Law.
It has come in the Sayings that during the time of Prophet David (peace be upon Him) many Jews were living in Ailah (a place in the south of Palestine). This event belongs to that population. These people used to disobey the commandments of God Almighty with cleverness and tactfully. They were instructed that they should not hunt the fish on Saturday absolutely. God Almighty desired to examine them too. Usually the fish used to come near the bank of river on Saturday in much quantity.
The Jews planned tactfully to carry on the outward form of the orders of God Almighty. They used to dig pit holes near the bank of river on Saturday. Large quantity of the fish used to inter in those pit holes along with water. Then they used to close the way of water from the river side towards the pit holes. Next day they used to hunt these fish from the pit holes. Due to disobeying God Almighty continuously, they were punished, were shaped as apes and their faces were changed from good to bad.
It appears from this verse that some commands come from God Almighty only for examining. It is the aim of test “to clarify that the servants of God Almighty remain obedient in the both situations i.e. during rest and hard period. If the human being comes out with credit in the situation of test, there are a lot of facilities for him, but punishment is very tough for the impatient and evil doers.