Quran Chapter 2- 130 (Pt-1, Stg-1) (L-156) - درس قرآن
Greatness and significance of Abraham
Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَٰهِۦمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُۥ وَلَقَدِ ٱصْطَفَيْنَٰهُ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا وَإِنَّهُۥ فِىٱلْءَاخِرَةِ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّٰلِحِينَ (130
130. And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself? And verily We chose him in the world, and lo! In the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
130. Wa many-yargabu ‘am-Millati ‘Ibraahiima ‘illaa man safiha nafsah. Wa laqadista-fayNaahu fiddunyaa. Wa ‘inna-huu fil-‘Aakhirati laminas-Saalihiin.
Yargabu ‘an – (to forsake, to leave, to shake off), this word has been derived from the word raghbat, which means ‘to incline to; to turn unto, to attend to, to favor to. When the word ‘an comes with this word then meaning becomes on the contrary to this word that is to say, to go opposite to someone or to turn away.
In this verse, God Almighty has commanded that religious sect of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is Upright according to the religion of nature/wisdom. His teachings interpret the nature of cool-minded. Only that individual will oppose it whose nature has not remained moderated and has changed from good to bad.
Religious sect of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is the same as the religion which is being invited by Islam today. Here, the religion - Islam has been named as the religious sect of Abraham (peace be upon Him) that the Children of Israel and the Christians are being addressed here, and it is intended to tell them that Holy Qur’an does not invite you to any new religion. You are being invited towards the religion of your own honorable forefather and spiritual guide Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him).
The Children of Israel and the Christians had not left any stone unturned to invent the self-made and false tales about their innocent Prophets (peace be upon Them). Holy Qur’an refutes their blames. Wherever the Prophets (peace be upon Them) are mentioned, It (the Holy Qur’an) explains their moral and spiritual significance also.
Here, it has been commanded about the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) that God Almighty had chosen Him for every kind of blessings of the world due to His belief that the Worshiped is only One, and having faith in Allah Almighty. He was bestowed with the honor of Messenger and Prophet. He was appointed as religious and spiritual guide for the people of the world, and surely, He (blessings on Him) will be counted in the good and virtuous people on the Day of Resurrection.
Purpose of describing about greatness and magnificence of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon Him) is to tell the Children of Israel and the Christians that the Prophet, whom they admit as the great, glorious and honorable Guide, His religion was Islam also, which is being presented by the Last Prophet Muhammad (glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him). If they take Him (blessings on Him) as their religious leader then they should accept Islam. It is the only way of their forefathers.