Lesson - 19
(2) To Establish the Prayer
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 3b of 286, Section – 1 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
3b. And establish worship
3b. Wa yuqiimuunas-Salaata
Yuqiimuuna – (they establish), this word has been derived from ‘iqaamat, which means “to establish”. The aim from ‘Iqaamatis-Salaat is “everyone should establish the prayer with its full terms and restrictions and excite other people to offer prayers regularly.
‘As-Salaata - Literal meaning of this word is “supplication”. In the terms of Islamic Law Salaat is the name of a particular worship, which is called “Prayer”. This worship has been named Salaat because maximum part of this worship comprises of supplication. One supplicates in this worship by tongue, with heart as well as other apparent parts of the body also.
After belief in the Unseen, second virtue of the pious people has been described that “they establish the prayer (worship) regularly.” The prayer is the best source of leaning before God, proclaiming one’s devotion, producing close relationship with Allah Almighty, and managing unity and discipline among the entire people of the nation. Prayer is the most superior worship in all bodily devotions. And it is the best source of declaring about Belief and Oneness of God. An individual has many advantages in it like code of morality, medical and material benefits, as well as it is useful for the entire nation in the social affairs.
The entire Muslims stand in a row behind the spiritual guide (Imam), after being pure and clean, five times a day, turning unto the Square Building of Makkah (Masjidul Haraam). Standing before their Lord, they accept that they are slaves of God Almighty and brothers of one another mutually. By this worship, hearts of all participants, who stand in congregational prayer in a line, become pure from selfishness, envy and impurity. Mutual friendship, love and equality increases into them. The participants of this collective prayer perceive and help in one another’s troubles and distress etc. The mankind stops committing sins and shameless acts.
Passion of obedience of the commander grows by establishing congregational worship. The nation learns the lesson of punctuality and regularity. So, during the raising days of Islam, main reason of success of the Muslims was establishment of the worship properly. Infamous people who were not under any sovereignty, became most disciplined nation by establishing prayers and proved themselves a model role of unity for the world.
It has come in the Sayings of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), “the prayer is the only difference among Muslims and Infidels”. We should observe ourselves in the light of this Hadith that, which society do we belong to? In another Hadith, the Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) said: The prayer is ascension (Me’-raaj) of the Believer. He will be unlucky, who does not desire to reach such higher rank.
Prayer is a worship which is useful in all matters like moral and spiritual, individual and collective matters. Therefore, it has been determined “A Pillar of the Religion”.