Lesson – 34
First likeness of the Hypocrites
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 17 of 286, Section – 2 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
17. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot see.
17. Masaluhum kamasa-lillazistaw qada naaraa. Falammaaa ‘azaaa-’at maa hawlahuu zahabAllaahu bi-nuurihim wa tarakahum fii zulumaatil-laa yubsiruun.
Masaluhum – (Their likeness). Likeness means such an old famous event which corresponds to any present event and due to its fame, the people may understand it quickly and it becomes helpful also for explanation of the present event.
Zulumaat - (darkness), this word is plural of zulmat.
During the times of Holy Prophet (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him), there were two kinds of Hypocrites:
· Those, who were the vital enemies of Islam, but they used to claim verbally that they were supporters and protecting friends of the Muslims.
· Those Hypocrites, who were weak due to their temperament and were neither absolutely supporters of Islam, nor they opposed Islam. In which side they used to find their advantage, turned themselves to that direction.
Holy Qur'aan has give likenesses of these both kinds of hypocrites. In this verse, likeness of first kind of hypocrites is being explained.
Likeness of these people is like a man, who lit the fire in the darkness of the night. From the light of that fire, all things around him became bright and he became able to recognize the difference among profitable and harmful things. But suddenly, God Almighty snatched his eye-sight. And now he cannot see anything while surroundings of him are bright. Just like blinds, he is wandering hither and thither and cannot reap advantage of the Brightness.
This likeness is fit on the Hypocrites. Before Islam, they were lying in the darkness of the infidelity; there was no distinction between good and bad for them. Then the Candle of Islam was enlightened and they began to reap advantage from it, but suddenly, all opportunities, which they were availing due to Islam, were snatched. Their original face came before the Muslims. And they did not remain able to deceive the Muslims. Some of them leaned towards evil by giving up the Truth at their own and some were forfeited to get advantage from the Light of Islam due to their personal means. The light of Islam became useless for them in these three conditions and the darkness spread everywhere.