Friday, July 14, 2017

The Most Honorable Place in the World - Quran Chapter 2- 191c & 192 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-235) - درس قرآن



Quran Chapter 2- 191c & 192 (Pt-2, Stg-1) (L-235) - درس قرآن

The Most Honorable Place in the World

Surah ‘Al-Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)

‘A-‘uu-zu  Billaahi minash-Shay-taanir- Rajiim. 
(I seek refuge in God from Satan the outcast.)

Bis-Millaahir-Rah-maanir-Rahiim.

(In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful.)

وَلَا تُقَٰتِلُوهُمْ عِندَ ٱلْمَسْجِدِ ٱلْحَرَامِ حَتَّىٰ يُقَٰتِلُوكُمْ فِيهِ فَإِن قَٰتَلُوكُمْ فَٱقْتُلُوهُمْ كَذَٰلِكَ جَزَآءُ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ (191    c)

 فَإِنِ ٱنتَهَوْا۟ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ (192  

191c.  And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers.   

192.  But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
191c.  Wa- laa tuqaatiluuhum  ‘indal-Masjidil  Haraami  hatta  yu-qaatiluukum  fiih.  Fa-‘in-  qaata-luukum  faqtuluuhum.  Kazaa-lika  jazaaa-‘ul-Kaafiriin.  

192.  Fa-‘ininta-haw  fa-‘innAllaaha  Gafuurur-Rahiim.

Commentary

‘Indal-Masjidil  Haraami –(at the Inviolable Place of Worship), technically, area around several kilometers on all directions of the Temple of Makkah (the Squire Building) is called ‘Haram’. It is included also in its Determination (‘Ihraam) that neither the battle should be fought here, and nor shed the blood of any individual, even that ‘going a hunting’ is forbidden also.  

In the beginning of this verse, it has been described that ‘preventing from the religion, spreading the persecution/quarrel, vexing, unrest, plundering, destruction and forcibly pushing back from the religion are included in mischief. It should be pressed in every form, whether there is a dire need of slaying someone. If the war is not waged in the beginning to press the sedition, then by spreading of it day to day, it will take in fold the entire nation and country and then quarrels, disturbance, loot, unrest and bloodshed will begin. 

In this verse, it has been stated that if the enemies of Islam do not refrain from their mischief and begin waging a war into the limits of Haram (the Squire Building of Makkah), then you can fight also with them at that sacred place. During the normal circumstances, the battle and bloodshed is not allowed at the Inviolable Place of Worship (BaytUllaah) because this House is the Place of peace and respectable, but for suppressing the mischief; it has become so much necessary that it may come in the fold of war. It is the Punishment for the enemies of Peace that they should either be exiled from their native land or slain. However, if they refrain from mischief and persecution, forswear from evil-doings and misdeeds and come under the shelter of Islam, then you should not raise the sword over them. Moreover, consider them as your brothers because God Almighty forgives previous sins of the repentant.   

Three things have been proved from this verse:

1.   The Inviolable Place of Worship (the Squire Building of Makkah) is the place of peace. Killing and shedding blood should not be committed there.

2.   If anybody attacks; then the battle may be fought there. 

3.   Killing and striving is a collective obligation, so it has been commanded again and again in the plural form on each place in Holy Qur’aan.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif). https://youtu.be/bDiCJht6O-w