Lesson – 54
Position of the Mankind
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 30a of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
30a. And when thy Lord said unto
the angels: Lo! I am about to place a Viceroy in the earth,
30a. Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati – “Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH,
Malaaa-‘ikati (Angels), this word is plural of Malak and has come out from the word “’Alook”. ‘Alook means to deliver the message.
So it aims that Malaaa-‘ikah (best Angels – peace be upon Them) deliver the Messages of God Almighty unto Prophets and Messengers (Peace be upon Them). The Angels are Light and Spiritual Beings. They are chaste and pure from errors and never disobey the Commands of Allah Almighty. At another place in the Holy Qur-‘aan it has been described: Laa ya’-suunAllaaha ,aa ‘amara-hum wa yaf-‘aluuna (They do not disobey the Commands of God Almighty and perform only that, for which they are commanded).
KHALIIF-AH – (Viceroy, Caliph, Vicegerent). KhaliifatUllaah is the person, who establishes Government; according the Divine Law of the religion on the earth. It manifests that which powers and abilities will be given to the human being by Allah Almighty, will be quite correct for establishing the Caliphate of God Almighty.
Lord of the Worlds is He, Who created the earth, the skies and other entire universe. All things of the earth like vegetation, minerals, beasts and animals, mountains, rivers, canals, springs etc. come in this category on one side of this universe, and on the other side, the skies including other all things which have been created in these seven heavens. Allah Almighty knows best about the philosophy of creating all these things of the earth and the heavens.
Why Adam (peace be upon Him) was created? What was the need to make this body of mud (human being)? What is its purpose of life? The answer to these questions has been given in this verse and succeeding verses.
When God Almighty completed the work of creation of the earth, the skies and all things among them, like the moon, the sun, the stars, rivers, mountains etc. and they began to do their duty, then God Almighty addressed the Angels (Peace be upon Them): Now the time has come to know that for whom, these things have been created, he should also come in front. That is to say; I desire to create my Viceroy on the earth, who will possess all these things (under his control) and will complete the desire of God in the world. He will pay the right of God’s Deputy-ship being His Vicegerent. He will issue and bring in force the Commandments of Allah Almighty.”