Lesson – 58
Superiority of the Knowledge (‘ilm)
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 31a of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
31a. And He taught Adam all the names,
31a. Wa ‘allama ‘Aadamal-‘as-maaa-‘a kullahaa
‘Aadama – (Adam) - He (peace be upon Him) is Father of the entire human beings. He is also called Abu –ul-Bashar (Father of the mankind). This is a Persian word (non Arabic).
‘As-maaa-‘a. (the Names), it is plural of ‘ism, which means “name”. The word; which is spoken for acquaintance of any person or thing, is used as its name. To recognize such person/thing, it is also necessary that its qualities and signs should be known. Here it aims, “the names of all things, their characteristics and conditions, which would have to become necessary for Adam and His children after sending them down on the earth.” God Almighty acquainted Adam (Peace be upon Him) about the entire things’ names, their states and their characteristics.
In accordance with the Knowledge of God Almighty, the creation which was going to become His Viceroy, when the time of his appearance reached, then according to circumstances, the entire necessary things were produced and after that humankind was created and He was named as Adam (peace be upon Him).
As you know that one creature of God Almighty is the Angels (peace be upon them), which are created from the Light (Noor). They pass their entire time in obedience and worship of Allah Almighty and it is their greatest excellence. They are totally pure and clean from all the wishes and needs, which are good and necessary for Adam (peace be upon Hi. So, they are quite unaware about the usefulness of all things of the earth and skies. However, it is fact that God Almighty has not created anything without any cause. There is indeed any philosophy and advisability in it.
Lord Almighty created Adam (peace be upon Him) from the clay. Then He produced different kinds of desires in his body and necessities. Along with it, He gave him knowledge also to adopt the different means to fulfill his wishes. He produced such ability in it that he may acquaint with all the things easily and may know their characteristics.
Adam (peace be upon Him) has to suffer different accidents, incidents and changes in the different times. It has been kept in His nature that He will cross all the hurdles consciously and successfully. He has been informed about the names of every necessary thing and its characteristics to compete in all kinds of difficulties.