Lesson – 40
Demand for the Worship
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 21 of 286, Section – 3 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
21. O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who hath created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).
21. Yaaa-‘ayyu-han-naasu’-buduu Rabba-kumullazii, khalaqa-kum wallaziina min qablikum la-‘allakum tattaquun.
La-‘allakum – (so that ye), in Arabic language; the word la-‘alla is used at such occasions, where there is a strong hope of coming out the result of any work.
Tattaquun - You may ward off (evil). The words mattaqii, tattaquun and taqwaa etc. have been derived from the same origin. Full explanation of this word has passed in lessons # 17. Briefly speaking; it aims that your habit of living with care and having fear of God in your hearts may become strong. It is called Abstinence.
‘An-naasu – (the mankind, the people), it is the first time in Holy Qur’aan that God Almighty has demanded in this verse and addressed the human beings with the words “O mankind”. As if, He has claimed from the entire mankind to be worshippers of Him.
‘U’-buduu – (Worship, pray), this word has come out from the word ‘ibaadat, origin of which is ‘abda. it aims “obeying the Commands of God with humility and respectfully, which is called worship and obedience”. Prayer, Fasting, Zakaat (paying the poor-due), and Pilgrimage are vital parts of worship but the worship does not end on only these parts. It belongs to the entire life.
In the beginning of this Surah, good manners of Muttaqii (the pious) were explained and it was described that Holy Qur’aan is Guidance for those people who fear God Almighty in their hearts. After that, condition of Infidels was narrated and then circumstances of the Hypocrites were made obvious. Now the entire Human Beings are being addressed, because after the mention of above three kinds of mankind, indeed; fondness of becoming a Sober should have been grown in the individual. So now, the root path of fearing God is being manifested.
Here; calling the entire people, it has been described that the actual foundation of all Orders and Fidelity of Islam is to recognize the Lord. First purpose of creating the mankind is that he should seek his Lord, recognize Him from His open Revelations and he should worship only Him, and ask Him for success in this world and on the Day of Resurrection, because He created the mankind, brought him up in every era and taught the human being the ways of promotion according to own abilities.
The first Sign of the Lord is that He created you and all of them who have expired before you. Only from this acquaintance, the path of fearing from God opens. There is no personal benefit of God by worshiping Him. But the mankind has a lot of advantages from it. The worship removes distress of fancies of the human being. And he gets opportunity to draw his attention towards the realities.