Lesson – 61
Falling prostrate by Angels
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 34 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
34. And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever.
34. Wa ‘iz qulNaa lil- malaaa-‘ikatis-judduu li-‘Aadama fasajaduuu ‘illaaa ‘Ibliis ‘abaa wastakbara wa kaana minal-kaafiriin.
‘As-judduu – (Fall prostrate), literally, as well as particularly according to the Divine precepts of the religion - Sajdah means prostration; to bow the body and put the forehead on the ground before someone as in the prayer. Sajdah is the most venerable sign, so in accord with the religious Law of God Almighty, save Him; prostration is forbidden for anyone else. In this verse, the aim from falling prostrate before Adam (peace be upon Him) is that the Angels (peace be upon Them) bow their heads turning unto Adam as a respect, by accepting His superiority and reverence;. If we take its meanings according to the Divine law; then also its aim is to fall prostrate before God Almighty turning their faces towards Adam (peace be upon Him) because here meanings of the word li-‘Aadama are ‘Prostration not for Adam but towards Adam (peace be upon Him)’ for obeying the Command of Allah Almighty.
‘Ibliis – (Satan, the Devil), literal meanings of this word are ‘hopeless’. This ‘Ibliis was not an Angel but He was from the genealogy of demons, created from the fire. Because Angels have been created from the Light, so it cannot be hoped that the Angels will refuse, disagree, deny or violate the Order of God Almighty. Satan was included in the community of the Angels due to His worship and obedience of Allah Almighty.
‘Abaa -(He denied), this word is from ‘ibaa, which means “to deny, to refuse from anything intentionally”.
Wastakbara – (and he demurred through pride), this word has been derived from kabara, which means “to consider oneself greater than others being proud”. The Devil ‘Satan’ disobeyed the Command of Allah Almighty intentionally and behaved arrogantly.
When it was obvious that Adam (peace be upon Him) was superior to the Angels due to His knowledge and dignity, and was rightful owner of the Caliphate of God on the earth, then Allah Almighty ordered to the Angels to fall prostrate towards Adam (peace be upon them); admitting His greatness.
Obeying the Command of God Almighty, the entire Angels fell prostrate, however; the Devil demurred and said, “I am created from the fire and Adam is created from the clay, so I shall not fall prostrate unto Adam” (peace be upon Him). Due to disobeying the Command of God Almighty, ‘Ibliis became infidel and He was deprived of Allah’s Kindness. He had lost his closeness with God, was seized in the curse of Allah Almighty, and deserved torment.