Lesson – 66
Penitence of Adam (peace be upon Him)
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verses – 37 of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
37. Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented towards him. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
37. Fata-laqqaaa ‘Aadamu
mir-Rabbihii Kalimaatin, fa-taaba ‘alayh. ‘InnaHuu
Fata-laqqaaa – (Then learnt, received from Lord)., this word has been derived from talaqqii (mulaaqaat is from it too), which means “to meet, to find or get something”.
Kalimaatin – Words (of Revelation). It is plural of Kalimah, which means “a word, a speech, a part of speech”. Allah Almighty taught Adam (Peace be upon Him) the Words of penitence with His great Mercy and Kindness. Here, the Words of penitence indicate towards the following verse of Holy Qur’aan which was revealed at another place, “They said: Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If Thou forgive us not and have not mercy on us, surely we are of the lost”. (VII: 23 - The Heights) (Qaalaa Rabbanaa zalamnaaa ‘anfu-sanaa Wa ‘il-lam tagfir-lanaa wa tar-hamnaa lanakuu-nanna minal-khaa-siriin.)” (7: 23 – Al-‘Aa’-raaf). These words were spoken by the both i.e. Adam and Eve (His wife) (peace be upon them).
Fa-taaba – so He relented, paid His attention. This word has been made from Tawbah, which means “To turn toward someone, paying attention, to return”. Penitence means repentance from sins, sorrow for wrongdoing, and return toward the straight path. Praying for forgiveness from the sins is called penitence because the mankind admits with the perception of sins and promises that he will abstain from the sins in future.
When Adam (peace be upon Him) and His wife were ordered to leave the Garden, then they perceived about their error, regretted a lot on it, used to weep in the condition of distress on their mistake and wandered repentant restlessly. Ultimately God Almighty had compassion on them and revealed some words of asking forgiveness in their hearts. They prayed with those words and God Almighty accepted their penitence because certainly He is the Relenting and Merciful on His servants in every situation.
Three things are necessary for the penitence (Tawbah):
· The human being should admit that he has wronged and repent on his sin.
· He should intend strictly that he will never commit it again.
· He should never repeat this sin in future.
The injunction regarding Tawbah (Repentance) has come many times in the Holy Qur’aan and the Sayings of the Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam). We should renounce for forgiveness of every type of wrongdoing, (known or un-known, minor or major) from God Almighty.