Lesson – 52
The Signs of God Almighty
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 29 of 286, Section – 3 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
29. He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth. Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens. And He is Knower of all things.
29. Huwal-lazii khalaqa lakum-maa fil’arzi jamii-‘aa: sum-mas-tawaaa ‘ilas-Samaaa-‘i fa-sawwaa-hunna sab-‘a samaa-waat. Wa Huwa bi-kulli shay-‘in ‘Aliim.
Fa-sawwaa-hunna – (So fashioned them). This word has been derived from taswi-yah, which means “To adjust/fit the different parts and joints of a thing at their own places, to correct”.
Sab-‘a samaa-waat – “Seven Heavens,” “Sam-wun” is the origin of “Samaa-waat” and its meaning is “height”. Due to relation of height with the sky, it is called “The Sky”. “Sab-‘a” means seven. Hence in the Arabic proverb, this word is used in the meanings of “more and numerous” also.
The human being is the name of a collection of body and soul. It is obvious that the needs of these both things are fulfilled by God Almighty, Who created this puppet of clay. His first kindness is that He fulfills all necessities of the body and soul, for bud and blossom, development and improvement of his body. The soul of human being needs food also along with bringing up the body.
The meaning of this verse is that first of all, our Lord created the earth. He caused to flow the rivers, the seas and the ocean on one side, and raised the high mountains on the other side, which are very high, grew many forests of the trees, and fed up the inner parts of the earth with different kinds of uncountable treasures. And these all things were created for the sake of Prophet Adam (Peace be upon Him) and His generation. Now it is duty of Human Beings that they should reap reasonable advantages from these countless treasures; using their wisdom and sense.
Using the word jamii-‘an, God Almighty commanded that these all things are for the children of Adam (Peace be upon Him). They have the right to reap advantages from these things. With the physical body of the Human Being, fostering of his soul is also necessary. For this purpose, the earth and its production are not sufficient. Therefore, after creating the earth, He drew His attention toward the Sky. From there, it used to rain the Guidance during different times for the training of the Humankind's’ Souls by means of His Prophets and Messengers (peace be upon them). As the human being reaps advantage from the things of the earth, he should get advantage also from this Heavenly Rain (Guidance), so that his soul may become perfect too along with his body. Thereby, after becoming a perfect mankind, he should be present in the Court of God.