Lesson – 55
Caliph of Allah on the earth
Surah ‘Al-‘Baqarah (The Cow) – Chapter – 2)
Stage – 1, Verse – 30a of 286, Section – 4 of 40 (Part - 1)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Wa ‘iz qaala Rabbuka lil-Malaaa-‘ikati – “Innii jaa-ilun fil-‘arzi KHALIIF-AH – translation and a short explanation has been described in the previous lesson. Now we have to discuss: What is meaning of Caliphate, and how the mankind is vicegerent of Allah Almighty?
God Almighty is The Creator and Owner of this world. He owns all good attributes. Neither we can count His attributes and nor His works. He has put in the clay of human being some qualities little by little from His attributes, so that he may demonstrate His attributes after coming in the world, elevate His name and prove with his word and deed that he is really Viceroy and Deputy of God Almighty.
If God is Merciful then the human being should be kind too, not only upon his kinsfolk but also over the entire living creatures. It has come in the Sayings of Allah’s Messenger (SallAllaahu alayHi wa AaliHii Wasallam): If you slaughter any animal, have mercy upon it, the slaughtering knife should be sharp-edged, so that the animals’ great artery may cut off immediately and it does not feel much pain later on.
One of the attributes of God is Justice and Equity. It is the duty of human being that he should do justice and equity, equally with all. In this matter, neither he should favor his close relatives and nor the stranger be ignored. Entire people should be dealt with equally.
One name of God is For-Bearer also (Mild). The mankind disobeys Him and he commits countless errors but God delays, takes it with softness, overlooks it and gives time to the evildoer, so that he should repent and change his attitude. It is our duty also that we should produce in ourselves the attribute of mildness. We should treat the people with soft behavior and give them chance if they have wronged, so that they may correct themselves.
In short, the human being should try to grow all those attributes and manners within himself, which are Disposition of God and treat the people as God treats His servants.
If we do not produce God’s attributes in ourselves then we do not deserve to be the Caliph and Vicegerent of God Almighty, and we can never achieve this higher dignity any way, which He has liked for us.